Resting on Shabbos

Download as Word The defining characteristic of Shabbos is the concept of rest. The first Shabbos was when HaShem completed the creation of the world and He rested[1]. That is the meaning of the word Shabbos, to rest. The first Shabbos after we left Egypt, we are told to not go out and collect the…

Covering the Challah

Download as Word One of the preparations for the Seudah of Shabbos is to put the Lechem Mishneh on the table, and then to cover them.  The Tur explains this Halacha in the following way[1]. In the time of Chazal, when the custom was that each person had a separate small table with their own…

The Bris of Shabbos

Download as Word The Gemarra in Sanhedrin says[1] that a non-Jew who keeps Shabbos is Chayav- obligated – in the punishment of death. The Rambam when he brings this[2], uses an unusual language. He writes that we inform him that he is punishable by death. The Midrash[3] compares this to someone who interferes with a…

Kiddush

Download as Word There are two Mitzvoth Aseh from the Torah on Shabbos. One is to rest from Melacha – work, and the other is to say Kiddush[1]. Kiddush is learned from the Pasuk, “Remember the Shabbos”. The Mitzvah is to announce that Shabbos is different than all the other days of the week. In…

Birchas HaBanim – Imahos and Grandchildren

Download as Word There is a Minhag to give a Bracha to one’s children Friday evening at some point before Kiddush. Various Siddurim put it at different places among the various Piyutim which are said leading up till Kiddush.  This Bracha is mentioned in Sefarim of Minhagim from the 1600’s, and many Siddurim from that…

Introduction to Zemiros

Download as Word The whole concept of Shabbos is bound up with song. The Zohar says that when Adam was created the angels thought that he was a god and desired to praise him. Adam turned to them and said, “Let us together go to the God who created us and sing His praises.” Then…